British colonialism the kikuyu resistance

Mau mau tactics

Surely it cannot be necessary to go on killing these defenceless people on such an enormous scale. Company failure to establish itself successfully in Kikuyuland is iseen as being due to manifold factors; under financing, poor communications, lack of control over African levies, poor leadership and recognition by the Kikuyu of the Company's intention to settle the area permanently. When she failed to provide information, she said, they raped her using a bottle filled with pepper and water. Larger detention camps were divided into compounds. Undeterred, over the following years the Association intensified its campaign against land alienation, and against tax and labour laws. She calculated that the camps had held not 80, detainees, as official figures stated, but between , and , The second phase of the Kikuyu conquest is seen as a "military" exercise: it lasted roughly eight years European apprehension coupled with Kikuyu suspicion featured prominently in the early contact period. Unwilling to accept that the 'primitive' people of Kenya were capable of conceiving the notion of land ownership, the British thought it within their rights to take the land and do of it what they wanted. Mau Mau was still a banned movement in Kenya, and would remain so until But the most damaging aspect of the colonial period was the wholesale theft of Kikuyu land for the benefit of white settlers and their ranches and farms, especially the lands in and around the Nyandarua Mountains Aberdares , which became known as the 'White Highlands'. Her book cut against an abiding belief that the British had managed and retreated from their empire with more dignity and humanity than other former colonial powers, such as the French or the Belgians. Meanwhile, the majority of Kikuyu had been crowded into a crowded "Native Reserve" around Murang'a.

And, as Elkins would eventually learn, Gavaghan had developed the technique and put it into practice.

These were moved up the Pipeline to special detention camps. Some thought she was British and refused to speak with her at first. These attitudes and the occasional violent clashes were conditioning factors in the subsequent, more extensive, relationships between Kikuyu and Europeans.

The Mau Mau origin of the name is uncertain advocated violent resistance to British domination in Kenya; the movement was especially associated with the ritual oaths employed by leaders of the Kikuyu Central Association to promote unity in the independence movement.

Young, articulate and photogenic, she was fired up with outrage over her findings. General Gatunga had previously been a respected and well read Christian teacher in his local Kikuyu community. He was known to meticulously record his attacks in a series of five notebooks, which when executed were often swift and strategic, targeting loyalist community leaders he had previously known as a teacher.

why did the mau mau rebellion occur

By the end ofmore than 11, rebels had been killed in the fighting, along with about Europeans and 2, African loyalists.

Thus, while the moderates on the wanted list awaited capture, the real militants, such as Dedan Kimathi and Stanley Mathenge both later principal leaders of Mau Mau's forest armiesfled to the forests. Soon enough, the British began fencing the good uplands and forbade Kikuyu entry, cultivation, or grazing rights.

By the l8T0's, however, Kikuyu were reluctant to allow free passage of Arab and Swahili caravans. Kenyatta and the Kenya African Union KAU First contacts with the Wazungu By the end of the nineteenth century, the Kikuyu had become a wealthy and land-conscious people, with an ethos that linked wealth but not the coveting of it to virtue, and virtue to a sense of history that regarded land and livestock ownership as a trust for future generations.

Mau mau movement

It set the stage for a rethinking of British imperial violence, he says, demanding that scholars reckon with colonial brutality in territories such as Cyprus, Malaya, and Aden now part of Yemen. Kikuyu ethnography is examined and reveals tribal society as being acephalous and egalitarian. European apprehension coupled with Kikuyu suspicion featured prominently in the early contact period. Meanwhile, the majority of Kikuyu had been crowded into a crowded "Native Reserve" around Murang'a. And, as Elkins would eventually learn, Gavaghan had developed the technique and put it into practice. Mau Mau warfare[ edit ] You can help by adding to it. The thesis concludes that Kikuyu athamaki rose to prominence in the military atmosphere of the colonial enterprise.

This helped contain the hatred between Kikuyu who joined the Mau Mau revolt and those who fought alongside the British. These heavily patrolled villages — cordoned off by barbed wire, spiked trenches and watchtowers — amounted to another form of detention.

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Uncovering the brutal truth about the British empire